Sources, Notes

1  http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/jcc02  
2. http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fsa08  
3. http://www.tamu.edu/faculty/ccbn/dewitt/Spain2.htm    
4 http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/qyg01 
5 The Spanish Frontier in North America, Yale Western Americana Series, David J. Weber (1992), p. 299.
6 http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fau12
7. War with Mexico, vol1. (1919), Justin H. Smith p. 57
Justin Smith was born in 1857 in New Hampshire; died 1930 in Brooklyn, New York. Educated at Dartmouth (B.A. 1877; M.A. 1881) and Union Theological Seminary (1879-1881). Smith worked for Charles Scribner's Sons publishers 1881-1883 and Ginn & Co. 1883-1898 (becoming a partner in 1890); he was Professor of Modern History at Dartmouth 1899-1908. He resigned his professorship in 1908 to pursue historical research, and published The Annexation of Texas in 1911 and The War with Mexico in 1919. For the latter he received the Pulitzer Prize in 1920 and the first Loubat Prize in 1923. From 1917 to 1923 Smith was chairman of the Historical Manuscripts Commission of the American Historical Association.  Smith is regarded as the most thorough researcher of the war. Smith declared that nine tenths of the material he used in the preparation of this work was new information. His search extended to the archives of Great Britain, France, Spain, Cuba, Columbia, Peru, American and Mexican states and Mexican cities. Smith examined over 100,000 manuscripts, 1200 books and pamphlets and 200 periodicals. Smith talked or corresponded with as many of the veterans as he could reach and spent more than a year in Mexico. All of the material used by Smith to write his book takes up 7 linear feet at the Benson Latin American Collection at the University of Texas at Austin. This information is from the Preface of the War with Mexico, vol1. (1919), Justin H. Smith.

8. War with Mexico, vol1. (1919), Justin H. Smith p.13
9. The Alamo Story-From History to Current Conflicts, (2000) Edmondson, J.R. p. 75
10. Texas Revolutionary Experience, (1992) Paul Lack p. 3
11. Recovering History, Constructing Race:  (2001) Manchaca, Martha p. 164
12a. Recovering History, Constructing Race: (2001) Manchaca, Martha pp. 172, 201
12b. Texas Revolutionary Experience, (1992) Paul Lack pp. 255
13. The Alamo Story-From History to Current Conflicts - Edmondson J.R. (2000), p. 73.
14. Tejano Leadership in Mexican and Revolutionary Texas - de la Teja (2010), p. 48.
15. Recovering History, Constructing Race: Manchaca (2001), p. 199
16. The Alamo Story-From History to Current Conflicts, Edmondson, J.R. (2000). p. 79
17. The Mexican Frontier, 1821-1846: (1982) David Weber pp.150-156
18. https://www.tsl.state.tx.us/treasures/giants/austin/austin-01.html
19a. Texas Revolutionary Experience, (1992) Paul Lack p. 18
19b. The Mexican Frontier, 1821-1846: The American Southwest Under Mexico By David J. Weber p. 244
20. The Mexican Frontier, 1821-1846: The American Southwest Under Mexico By David J. Weber p. 244
21. http://www.zacatecas.com/zacatecas/zacatecas.nsf/id/history.html
22. Myths, Misdeeds, and Misunderstandings, (1997) Jaime E. Rodriguez O. and Kathryn Vincent p. 71
23. The Mexican Frontier, 1821-1846: The American Southwest Under Mexico By David J. Weber p. 249
24. The Mexican Frontier, 1821-1846: The American Southwest Under Mexico By David J. Weber p. 246
25. Texas Revolutionary Experience, (1992) Paul Lack pp. 26-27, 2926. Texas Revolutionary Experience, (1992) Paul Lack pp. 8-10, 
27. http://www.tamu.edu/faculty/ccbn/dewitt/pubbarker.htm
28. The Mexican War: A History of its origin By Edward D. Mansfield (1860) p. 12
29a. Texas Revolutionary Experience, (1992) Paul Lack pp. 87-88
29b.  "A Critical Study of the Siege of the Alamo and of the Personnel of Its Defenders," Amelia Williams, Southwestern Historical Quarterly, July 1933. p 38   http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101094/m1/46/?q=filisola
30. The Republic of Texas (1922) By Clarence Wharton pp. 150-151
31. The Republic of Texas By Clarence Wharton pg 151   
32a. The Annexation of Texas (1911), by Justin H. Smith pg 414
32b. The Annexation of Texas (1911), by Justin H. Smith pg 415
32c. The Annexation of Texas (1911), by Justin H. Smith pg 20
33. The Annexation of Texas (1911), by Justin H. Smith pg 36-37)
34. http://www.tamu.edu/faculty/ccbn/dewitt/riogrande.htm 
35. http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/ngr01
36. The Annexation of Texas (1911), by Justin H. Smith pg 38    
37. http://www.tamu.edu/faculty/ccbn/dewitt/wjones1842.htm 
38. http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/qfd01
39. The Annexation of Texas (1911), by Justin H. Smith pg 39 
40A. The Annexation of Texas (1911), by Justin H. Smith pg 43 
40B. A Review of the Causes and Consequences of the Mexican War by William Jay, pub 1849, p 83
41. Voice of the People, The History of Political Issues of the United States (1885) W. H. F. Henry, pg 422
42. The Annexation of Texas (1911), by Justin H. Smith pg 210 
43. The Annexation of Texas (1911), by Justin H. Smith pg 99-100 
44. The Annexation of Texas (1911), Justin H. Smith p.288-292
45. The Annexation of Texas (1911), by Justin H. Smith pg 273
46A. https://www.tsl.state.tx.us/ref/abouttx/annexation/timeline.html
46B. Claims As a Cause of the Mexican War, by Clayton Kohl, pub 1914, p 57
47. War with Mexico, vol1. (1919), Justin H. Smith p.87
48. The Annexation of Texas (1911), by Justin H. Smith p 423
49A. The Annexation of Texas (1911), by Justin H. Smith p410-411, 424-431
49B. British interests and activities in Texas, 1838-1846 by Ephraim Douglass Adams, pub 1910, p208.-222
50.  http://www.vlib.us/amdocs/texts/15polk1.htm
51.  War with Mexico, vol1. (1919), Justin H. Smith p.143
52. Congressional edition By United States. Congress pg 90
53. War with Mexico, vol1. (1919), Justin H. Smith p.84
54A. War with Mexico, vol1. (1919), Justin H. Smith p.53
54B. Two Armies on the Rio Grande (2014) by Douglas Murphy, p 18
55. War with Mexico, vol1. (1919), Justin H. Smith p.154
56A. The Annexation of Texas (1911), by Justin H. Smith pg 426
56B. Two Armies on the Rio Grande (2014) by Douglas Murphy, p 22
57. Two Armies on the Rio Grande (2014) by Douglas Murphy, p 14
58. The Story of the Mexican War by Robert Selph Henry, pub 1950, p25,26,30     
      Also: The United States and Mexico, 1821-1848, by George Lockhart Rives, pg. 63-64, 158, 324     
      Also: War with Mexico, vol1. (1919), Justin H. Smith p. 93     
      Also: Two Armies on the Rio Grande (2014) by Douglas Murphy, p 31
59. War with Mexico, vol1. (1919), Justin H. Smith p. 102
60. War with Mexico, vol1. (1919), Justin H. Smith p.135
61. General Vallejo by Alan Rosenus (1995) p49-51
62. The United States and Mexico, 1821-1848 by George Lockhart Rives  pg 105-118
63. War with Mexico, vol1. (1919), Justin H. Smith p.99  
64.War with Mexico, vol1. (1919), Justin H. Smith p.100 
65.Two Armies on the Rio Grande (2014) by Douglas Murphy, p 46 
66. War with Mexico, vol1. (1919), Justin H. Smith p.157   
67. North America Divided, the Mexican War 1846-1848 (1971) Connor, Faulk pg 29   
68. War with Mexico, vol1. (1919), Justin H. Smith p.107      
69. War with Mexico, vol1. (1919), Justin H. Smith p.106
70. War with Mexico, vol1. (1919), Justin H. Smith p.105   
71. War with Mexico, vol1. (1919), Justin H. Smith p.107 - 111   
72. War with Mexico, vol2. (1919), Justin H. Smith p. 504
73. British interests and activities in Texas, 1838-1846 by Ephraim Douglass Adams, pub 1910, p225
74. Two Armies on the Rio Grande (2014) by Douglas Murphy, p 92-93
75. Two Armies on the Rio Grande (2014) by Douglas Murphy, p 33
76. Two Armies on the Rio Grande (2014) by Douglas Murphy, p 54
77. Two Armies on the Rio Grande (2014) by Douglas Murphy, p 62
78. Two Armies on the Rio Grande (2014) by Douglas Murphy, p 69
79. War with Mexico, vol1. (1919), Justin H. Smith p.139  
80. Two Armies on the Rio Grande (2014) by Douglas Murphy, p 98
81. So Far from God: The U.S. War with Mexico, 1846-1848 (1989) John S. D. Eisenhower pg 61
82. Two Armies on the Rio Grande (2014) by Douglas Murphy, p 38
83. Two Armies on the Rio Grande (2014) by Douglas Murphy, p 89
84. Two Armies on the Rio Grande (2014) by Douglas Murphy, p 92
85. Two Armies on the Rio Grande (2014) by Douglas Murphy, p 103
86. So Far from God: The U.S. War with Mexico, 1846-1848 (1989) John S. D. Eisenhower pg 63         
     Also: War with Mexico, vol1. (1919), Justin H. Smith p.148
87. Two Armies on the Rio Grande (2014) by Douglas Murphy, p 114
88. Two Armies on the Rio Grande (2014) by Douglas Murphy, p 82
89. Two Armies on the Rio Grande (2014) by Douglas Murphy, p 125
90. War with Mexico, vol1. (1919), Justin H. Smith p.133 
91. North America Divided (1971) Connor, Faulk pg 9
92. War with Mexico, vol1. (1919), Justin H. Smith p.155
93. General Vallejo by Alan Rosenus (1995) p96
94. General Vallejo by Alan Rosenus (1995) p89
95. The United States and Mexico, 1821-1848, by George Lockhart Rives, pg. 325 
96. The United States and Mexico, 1821-1848, by George Lockhart Rives, pg. 136        
      Also: The Annexation of Texas (1911), by Justin H. Smith pg 20             
      Also: North America Divided (1971) Connor, Faulk pg 15
97. http://www.tamu.edu/faculty/ccbn/dewitt/beales.htm
98. The United States and Mexico, 1821-1848, by George Lockhart Rives, pg. 141,142
99A. The Story of the Mexican War by Robert Henry, pub 1950, p 27    
99B. Claims As a Cause of the Mexican War, by Clayton Kohl, pub 1914, p30-42  
99C. War with Mexico, Vol1, (1919), Justin Smith, pg 74-81                
99D. Claims As a Cause of the Mexican War, by Clayton Kohl, pub 1914, p 42      
99E. War with Mexico, vol1. (1919), Justin H. Smith p.74   
99F. Claims As a Cause of the Mexican War, by Clayton Kohl, pub 1914, p15-16,51,55-56
100. http://www.dmwv.org/mexwar/history/intro.htm (accessed Oct. 2011) 
101 War with Mexico, vol1. (1919), Justin H. Smith p.195
102. The Mexican Frontier, 1821-1846: The American Southwest Under Mexico By David J. Weber p. 190 
103. Congressional edition By United States. Congress Dec 7, 1846, pg 645) http://books.google.com/booksid=zo5HAQAAIAAJ&printsec=frontcover&source=gbs_ge_summary_r&cad=0#v=onepage&q&f=false 

 
.
Full text of Commander John Sloat’s order of July 7, 1846:
     We are about to land on the Territory of Mexico, with whom the United States are at war. To strike her flag, and to hoist our own in the place of it, is our duty.     
     It is not only our duty to take California, but to preserve it afterwards as a part of the United States, at all hazards. To accomplish this, it is of the first importance to cultivate the good opinion of the inhabitants, whom we must reconcile.     
     I scarcely consider it necessary for me to caution American seamen and marines against the detestable crime of plundering and maltreatment of unoffending inhabitants.     That no one may misunderstand his duty, the following regulations must be strictly adhered to, as no violation can hope to escape the severest punishment:     
     1st. On landing, no man is to leave the shore until the commanding officer gives the order to march.        
     2d. No gun is to be fired, or other act of hostility committed, without  express orders from the officer commanding the party.     
     3d. The officers and boat keepers will keep their respective boats as close to the shore as they will safely float, taking care they do not lay aground, and remain in them, prepared to defend themselves against attack, and attentively watch for signals from the ships, as well as from the party on shore.     
     4th. No man is to quit the ranks or to enter any house for any pretext whatever, without express orders from an officer. Let every man avoid insult or offence to any unoffending inhabitant, and especially avoid that eternal disgrace which would be attached to our names and our country’s name by indignity offered to a single female, even let her standing be however low it may.     
     5th. Plunder of every kind is strictly forbidden. Not only does the plundering of the smallest article from a prize forfeit all claim to prize money, but the offender must expect to be severely punished.     
     6th. Finally, let me entreat you, one and all, not to tarnish our hope of bright success by any act that we shall be ashamed to acknowledge before God and our country.
.
 
104. General Vallejo by Alan Rosenus (1995) p161
105. General Vallejo by Alan Rosenus (1995) p167
106. Doniphan's expedition and the conquest of New Mexico and California (1907) By  William Elsey Connelley,  pg 181 
107. Doniphan's expedition and the conquest of New Mexico and California (1907) By  William Elsey Connelley,  pg 182  
108. The Story of the Mexican War (1950) By Robert Selph Henry pg 133  
109. So Far from God: The U.S. War with Mexico, 1846-1848 (1989) John S. D. Eisenhower pg 233 
110. War with Mexico, vol1. (1919), Justin H. Smith pgs.347-352 
111. http://www.history.army.mil/books/AMH-V1/ch08.htm pg 187
112.The United States and Mexico, 1821-1848 by George Lockhart Rives  p.592  
113. The United States and Mexico, 1821-1848 by George Lockhart Rives  p.583 
114a. The United States and Mexico, 1821-1848 by George Lockhart Rives  p.590 
114b. Fifty Years in Camp and Field by W. A. Croffut, pub 1909, p 308-309
115a. Personal memoirs of U.S. Grant ... Vol 1 (1885) By Ulysses Simpson Grant p. 118
115b. Claims As a Cause of the Mexican War, by Clayton Kohl, pub 1914, p 72
116. The Story of the Mexican War by Robert Selph Henry, pub 1961, p29
117. http://www.pbs.org/kera/usmexicanwar/biographies/antonio_lopez_de_santa_anna.html
118. Texas A&M University.  http://www.tamu.edu/faculty/ccbn/dewitt/santaanna4.htm    
119. "A Critical Study of the Siege of the Alamo and of the Personnel of Its Defenders," Amelia Williams, Southwestern Historical Quarterly, July 1933. p 37 http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101094/m1/45/?q=filisola
120. A bibliography of the history of California and the Pacific west: 1510-1906 by Robert Cowan  (pg. XXIV)  
121. Tazewell County Genealogical & Historical Society.  http://www.tcghs.org/photo1100.htm 
122. University of Texas at Austin. http://www.cah.utexas.edu/exhibits/Pena/english/exhibit7.html 
123. War with Mexico, vol1. (1919), Justin H. Smith p.116
124. War with Mexico, vol1. (1919), Justin H. Smith p.158
125. War with Mexico, vol1. (1919), Justin H. Smith p.159
126. http://history.state.gov/milestones/1830-1860/gadsden-purchase
127. http://www.tamu.edu/faculty/ccbn/dewitt/adp/history/alamo_images/images.html
128. The World Book 1999
129. Fifty Years in Camp and Field by W. A. Croffut, pub 1909, p213
.